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adiunkt w Zakładzie Socjologii i Psychologii Polityki Instytutu Nauk Politycznych Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
absolwent politologii w Instytucie Nauk Politycznych Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
Publication date: 2020-01-23
Studia Politologiczne 2012;25
In this article the process and consequences of the struggle for influences on the Internet that takes place between citizens (individuals, NGO’s, social movements) and government institutions were analyzed. In the first part of the text, the degree to which basic democratic values such as freedom of speech are subject to Internet restrictions was investigated. The second part of the reading constitutes an analysis of the methods which are used to resist Internet limits on freedom of speech. It can be concluded from the analysis conducted that the rivalry between these two types of subjects is of a dynamic character. Governments usually take action whereas citizens react solely to the introduced restrictions. Both sides undertake action of a technical character which is based on implementing the solutions enabling filtering and blocking the content or allowing safe browsing and use of information which because of censorship has become unavailable. Moreover, governments make use of legislative solutions to restrict freedom of speech such as preventative censorship or other direct and indirect forms of repression. Society, however while defending itself from censorship, undertakes activities of an educational character which are implemented by NGO’s.