Civil Society in the Crosshairs
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Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science and International Studies. University of Pécs (Hungary)
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science and International Studies. University of Pécs (Hungary)
Publication date: 2023-12-15
Studia Politologiczne 2023;70
As a result of permanent crises, changing political circumstances, rise of populism and overwhelming socio-cultural conflicts, recently liberal democracy is on the decline. This process strongly affects the civil sector, which in the 21st century is still considered one of the main defenders of democracy and human rights. Civil sector also performs a couple of functions that help them try to monitor the state (watchdog function), protect citizens, minorities, human rights, environment, animals etc. and provide a normative behavioural attitude. Nowadays in many countries the activities of civil organizations are restricted, displaced or terminated. Focusing on those countries where democratic backsliding process can be clearly observed, this study examines the background and forms of the process by which civils turned from partners to “enemies” in the last decade.
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