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Pakistan: Civil-military Imbalance of Control and Façade Democratisation
 
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Collegium Civitas
Publication date: 2020-05-28
 
Studia Politologiczne 2020;55
 
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ABSTRACT
After two democratic transitions of power in 2013 and 2018, Pakistan remains a hybrid regime. The military-security establishment continues to control key policies in the country. The causes of this imbalance of control are (i) the lack of capable political elites, (ii)an unofficial alliance between military-security establishment and religious organisations, (iii)external threats. On the one hand, these threats result from geopolitics that doesnot depend on Islamabad; on the other hand, they are escalated by the military-securityestablishment to legitimise its dominant position.
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ISSN:1640-8888